Artificial intelligence diagnostics company IDx announced that the American Medical Association (AMA) has accepted a new category 1 CPT code for automated point-of-care retinal imaging. This new code, submitted by the American Academy of Ophthalmology (AAO) with the support of IDx, facilitates correct billing of IDx-DR, an FDA-cleared autonomous AI system that detects diabetic retinopathy.
“This represents a significant milestone for autonomous AI in health care,” Michael Abramoff, MD, PhD, founder and CEO of IDx, said in a company news release. “By accepting this new CPT code, the AMA’s CPT Editorial panel has established a billing code for an AI-enabled system, which can help foster further adoption of autonomous AI technologies in healthcare. This will make billing the IDx-DR exam more straightforward for our customers, who have been billing for this sight-saving exam.”
The AMA’s CPT Editorial panel grants CPT codes, which are developed and reviewed by clinician experts as part of a transparent and open process, to provide a uniform language for submitting healthcare procedures and services for payor reimbursement. The new CPT code for automated point-of-care retinal imaging, scheduled to be effective in January 2021, will streamline the coding and billing process for healthcare providers using IDx-DR. The code description may be further refined prior to its scheduled implementation.
The AMA also issued a press release earlier this month further outlining policy recommendations for AI in healthcare. That policy includes advocating for “payment and coverage of all health care AI systems that are conditioned on complying with all appropriate federal and state laws and regulations, including but not limited to those governing patient safety, efficacy, equity, truthful claims, privacy, and security as well as state medical practice and licensure laws,” among other criteria.
“It is exciting to see that our work aligns with the AMA’s policy recommendations,” Dr. Abramoff said. “When we developed and validated IDx-DR, it was our priority to show that the system was safe, effective, and equitable for use in patient care. We are thankful the AMA sees the value of supporting payment and coverage for AI health systems that meet rigorous validation. It is also incredibly important that AMA recommends autonomous AI developers assume accountability and liability for the system output, which we have been advocating for and practicing for years.”
IDx-DR received a historic FDA clearance in 2018 when it became the first autonomous AI diagnostic system to be cleared for use without needing a physician to interpret the results.